Non Profit Statement of Financial Position

Understanding the Statement of Financial Position for Nonprofit Executive Directors and Board Members

Financial Assets

The Statement of Financial Position, often referred to as the balance sheet, is a fundamental financial document that provides a snapshot of a nonprofit organization's financial health at a specific point in time. For executive directors and board members, comprehending this statement is crucial for effective governance and strategic decision-making.

Key Components of the Statement of Financial Position


  • Current Assets: These are assets that are expected to be converted into cash or used within one year, such as cash, accounts receivable, and short-term investments.
  • Non-Current Assets: These include long-term investments, property, equipment, and other assets that are not expected to be liquidated within a year.
Financial Assets


  • Current Liabilities: Obligations the organization needs to settle within one year, such as accounts payable, short-term loans, and other short-term debts.
  • Non-Current Liabilities: Long-term debts and obligations that are not due within the next year, including long-term loans and deferred revenue.
Financial Liabilities

Net Assets

  • Unrestricted Net Assets: Funds that are available for the general use of the organization without any donor-imposed restrictions.
  • Temporarily Restricted Net Assets: Funds that donors have restricted for specific purposes or time periods.
  • Permanently Restricted Net Assets: Funds that donors have restricted in perpetuity, typically endowments.
Net Assets

Why It Matters

Assessing Financial Health: The Statement of Financial Position allows executive directors and board members to evaluate the overall financial stability of the organization. By comparing assets to liabilities, leaders can determine the organization’s net worth and financial resilience.

Monitoring Liquidity: Understanding the balance between current assets and current liabilities is essential for managing cash flow and ensuring the organization can meet its short-term financial obligations.

Strategic Planning: By analyzing non-current assets and liabilities, leaders can make informed decisions about long-term investments, capital projects, and debt management.

Transparency and Accountability: Accurate and transparent reporting of net assets, including restrictions, ensures accountability to donors, regulators, and other stakeholders. It also fosters trust and confidence in the organization’s financial management.

Resource Allocation: Understanding the composition of net assets helps in making strategic decisions about resource allocation, fundraising priorities, and program development.

Importance of Financial Position

Contact Know Your Numbers today for expert guidance and support in mastering the intricacies of financial statements. Together, we can ensure your organization's financial health and stability.